What is torque vectoring AWD?

By Product Expert | Posted in FAQs on Friday, June 11th, 2021 at 10:11 am
close up shot of differential

Why Torque Vectoring AWD is So Special

One of the things we like to promote here at CrossPointe Motor Cars in Winchester, VA, is driver knowledge. Whether that’s through DIY maintenance like changing your oil or something like which model years of a vehicle are most reliable, we want you to be informed. Today, we thought we’d cover one of the most complex topics in the automotive world that affects how you drive: torque vectoring.

Here’s our explanation of torque vectoring AWD systems.

What is Torque Vectoring?

Torque vectoring is a particular kind of differential (an integral part of AWD systems) that allows for torque to be independently sent to each wheel of a vehicle. This massively improves traction over a traditional differential system. A traditional AWD system always sends the same amount of power to both wheels since it doesn’t have a torque-vectoring differential.

2021 RAV4 parked in desert

Which Vehicles have Torque Vectoring AWD Systems?

Many different types of vehicles have torque vectoring AWD systems. It is most common in crossovers, SUVs, and trucks that advertise a dynamic AWD system. Popular examples include Ford Intelligent AWD, Toyota Dynamic Torque-Vectoring AWD, Hyundai HTRAC AWD, and Audi quattro AWD.

Why Torque Vectoring Systems are Safer

As previously mentioned, torque vectoring AWD systems are dynamic, meaning the system is controlled by multiple sensors connected to a computer that makes constant split-second micro-adjustments to power distribution based on multiple factors in real-time like:

  • Steering wheel angle
  • Traveling speed
  • Wheel slippage
  • Outside temperature
  • Wheel speed
  • Braking pressure
  • Transmission gear
  • Throttle
  • Time of day

Those are just a few of the things a vehicle’s dynamic torque vectoring AWD system is continuously tracking and calculating. Most drivers note a significant increase in traction and decrease in wheel slippage when they switch from a traditional AWD system to a torque-vectoring one.

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